Legal status at migration and migrant networks
Mao-Mei Liu, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
This paper investigates whether – and how – migrant networks differentially impact legal and unauthorized migration and advances prior work by uncovering some of the mechanisms-at-work, testing social capital theory against competing explanations, and distinguishing between legal/unauthorized entry and legal/unauthorized stay. The literature has largely neglected legal status at migration. Using the longitudinal MAFE-Senegal data (2008) collected in Africa (Senegal) and Europe (France, Italy and Spain), this paper employs a competing risks discrete-time event history analysis to estimate the likelihood of unauthorized and legal 1st-time migration to Europe. Preliminary results indicate that the migrant network hypothesis is robust for both legal and unauthorized migration; but competing explanations appear to apply primarily to legal entry. Effects are gendered: strong ties increase all types of female migration, and weak ties, male migrations. Yet, strong ties especially facilitate male legal entry, while weak ties do so for female unauthorized entry.
Presented in Poster Session 3